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Autism Spectrum Disorder

Updated: Apr 7, 2021

Things you need to know about Autism

Autism is a disability rather than a disease. People are born with Autism, and it's not a contagious disease. This disability affects the person's neurobehavior, and they are unable to control specific types of things like talking and moving. It leaves autism victims less confident in their lives.

The exact cause of Autism is still unknown, and no proper medications are there that can completely diminish Autism. There are many symptoms and risk factors that people don't know about Autism and are unaware of. Many people also lack a significant amount of knowledge that they need to describe what exactly Autism is.

In this article, you're going to learn everything about Autism that you need to know so that you can help your loved ones and the people around you.

What exactly is Autism?

Autism is not just a single disability; it contains several types of disabilities within it. Due to these several disabilities, Autism is also known as Autism Spectrum Disorder. Autism affects the nervous system of its victims, due to which they're unable to communicate properly.

Autism also affects differently to different people. People with Autism cannot properly interact with the outside world, and they might feel uncomfortable in big social gatherings. The intensity of autistic disorder also varies from person to person. Some people cannot do most things on their own, while many of them do not have any significant problems in their daily lives.

Symptoms of Autism:

Autism symptoms vary differently as there are various types of Autism and each type of Autism has its challenges and symptoms. Knowing different types of Autism and their symptoms is necessary so that you can help your loved ones. Below mentioned are some of the most common and important classifications of Autism and its symptoms.

Asperger's Syndrome

Asperger's syndrome is one of the classes of Autism. Asperger's syndrome tends to have no problem in their daily lives and can do their daily work without any support or help. Researches have also shown that people with this syndrome can solve even the most complex of problems.


Symptoms of Asperger's syndrome include having a difficult time talking and interacting with other people.

· Symptoms also include having a hard time making eye contact and comprehending the emotions of other people.

· People with Asperger's syndrome also have difficulty in maintaining their relationships and friendships.

Pervasive Developmental Disorder

It is another form of Autism, and it has various symptoms. It is usually a more advanced form of Autism than Asperger's syndrome.


People with Pervasive Development Disorder tend to have difficulty in walking, talking, and running.

· Symptoms also include not been able to focus on something specific and having difficulty with conversions.

· Moreover, oversensitivity and under sensitivity are also some of the symptoms of Pervasive Development Disorder.

Autistic Disorder

Autistic Disorder is also a class of Autism. It is commonly known as Autism around the world.


Symptoms of Autistic Disorder include having difficulty in controlling body movements, and repetitive behavior is one of the major symptoms of Autistic Disorder.

Moreover, the basic symptoms are similar to Asperger's syndrome and Pervasive Development Disorder but are more severe.

What is the treatment for Autism?

Although no proper medications are there to cure Autism, some treatments have shown the most promising results to help patients with Autism. Some of them are listed below.

1. Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention (EIBI)

It is the most beneficial therapy for the ones who are suffering from ASD. Usually, this therapy is for children who are between 3-5 years of age. This therapy introduces young ones on how to improve their communications skills and control their involuntary movements. Moreover, this therapy also helps children control their anger from a very young age which is very difficult to do for people who have Autism.

2. Pivotal Response Training (PRT)

People with Autism tend to lack the motivation they need to their daily tasks and learn. This training provides the necessary steps to ensure that motivation is developed in ASD patients to learn effectively. This therapy is also useful to reduce anxiety and depression that ASD causes.

3. Discrete Trial Training (DTT)

This therapy is done to reduce repetitive behavioral traits and improve confidence in patients with ASD. DTT contains therapies and lessons that are provided to autistic patients to help them communicate properly.

Moreover, this therapy is also beneficial to build wanted behavioral traits in the patients of ASD. DTT therapy is more direct and helps build confidence by improving the self-help trait in the patients of ASD.


The above-mentioned is the basic definition of Autism, its characteristics, and risk factors that ASD consists of. Early detection of ASD can be very useful as it'll help you and your loved ones. You can get all the information above to help your loved ones stay happy.

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